Wednesday, August 8, 2007

Herbal Plants in western medicine

Herbs and spices are nature’s invaluable gift to the human race. Our early fore – fathers were fully aware of their efficacy and utility. Modern man exhibits a tendency to ignore their valuable contribution. We are living in a world that is home to thousands of precious herbs and spices whose efficacy and utility have been proved time and again. Ayurveda portal.com takes a peep in to this fascinating world of medicinal plants, herbs and spices. So welcome

Name
:Ashoka
Biological Name
:Saraca indica
Other Names
:Ashoka Tree, Anganapriya,Asok, Asoka, Asokam




Uses:

The bark of the herb is strongly astringent, uterine sedative and estrogenic. It acts directly on the muscles of the uterus and has a stimulating effect on the endometrial and ovarian tissues. Its haemostatic properties heal various bleeding disorders. Commonly used for uterine/ovarian fibroids, menorrhagia, lecorrhoea, internal bleeding, bleeding hemorrhoids, bleeding dysenteries etc. It is also a blood purifier and an anti poisonous drug. The barks and flowers are useful for various skin diseases, especially of children. The alcoholic extract of bark has an antiseptic property. It stops internal and wound bleedings.


ALOE VERA





Name
: Aloe Vera
Biological Name
: Aloe vera
Other Names
: Aloe, Kattaar vaazha, Indian Aloes, Kumari,
Ghrita kumari



Uses:

It is a bitter-tasting, rejuvenative, and purgative tonic. When applied externally, it restores skin tissues, heals burns and sores. Aloin, obtained from the gel of the leaf is responsible for the healing properties. Dried latex of aloe vera is good for acute inflammations. It is also a good skin care herb. It moisturizes and softens the skin and is also used against dandruff and blemishes. The herb is also used in different eye ailments.
For its powerful diuretic properties, aloe vera is used in liver & spleen disorders. It is used internally for stomach disorders too.
ASPARAGUS




Name
: Asparagus
Biological Name
: Asparagus racemosus
Other Names
: Hundred Husbands, Shatavari, Shatamuli,



Uses:

The roots are bitter and cooling. It’s a nervine tonic and a good constipating and aphrodisiac medicinal herb. It gives a cooling sensation to the body and hence used in all gynecological problems. It also nourishes the ovum, supplies female hormones and increases lactation. Nervous disorders, dyspepsia, tumors, scalding of urine, throat infections, tuberculosis, cough, bronchitis, and general debility are also treated using this herb.
The herb also increases vitality and vigor and helps in semen production.
AMALTAS






Name
: Amaltas
Biological Name
: Cassia Fistula
Other Names
: Fistula, Purging Fistula, Golden Shower, Aaragwadha

Uses:

The most potential herb used for all skin diseases. Its bark, rich in tannin, purifies blood and heals ulcers. The fruit pulp is a well known laxative, especially for diabetic patients. It’s one of the safest laxatives; can be given even for pregnant women. This drug, in combination with other herbs, also treats infections of the urinary tract. The herb is used in liver disorders too.
The bark is used in treating varicose veins, shrinking engorged vessels and also has an anti inflammatory effect.
ACONITE




Name
: Aconite
Biological Name
: Aconitum heterophyllum wall
Other Names
: Indian Ateech, Ativisha, Atees, Atis, Upavisha, Atividayam.



Uses:

Roots of aconite are astringent, stomachic, carminative, and aphrodisiac. The herb is mainly used for fevers, including malarial conditions and acute respiratory disturbances. Experimental studies hint at its active anti-malarial and antipyretic activities. Aconitum is a valuable herb for combating general weakness after fevers. It is also used as a remedy for diarrhea, dysentery, acute inflammatory affections, cough, and dyspepsia.


ARJUNA




Name
: Arjuna
Biological Name
: Terminalia arjuna
Other Names
: Arjun, Arjuna, Arjuna Myrobalan, Neermaruth.



Uses:

The bark contains Ca, Mg, and Al salts which are good cardiac stimulants. It reduces triglycerides and acts as a cardio protective agent in hypertension and ischemic heart diseases. It gives a tonic effect in cirrhosis of liver, prevents and helps in the recovery of angina and also heals heart tissue scars after surgery.
The bark is used to heal wounds, contusions, and fractures and juice of leaves are used in ear-aches.
The herb is also useful for bile, edema, diarrhea, malabsorption, and venereal diseases. External treatment for ulcers, acne, skin disorders etc. are also done using arjuna.

ALBIZZIA TREE




Name
: Albizzia Tree
Biological Name
: Albizzia lebbeck
Other Names
: Sirish Tree, Shireesh, Shireesha, Nenmeni vaka



Uses:

The herb has been extensively recommended to neutralize toxins in the body. It has also been used in the treatment of respiratory afflictions like bronchial asthma.
It is a diuretic which reduces the fluid retention in body. The leaves are rich in Vitamin A and D and are used externally and internally for treating night blindness.Seeds are good for male impotency. Use of its bark in the form of herbal tea for asthmatic persons has been highly recommended. Such usages help to control the frequency and intensity of the asthmatic attacks.
AERVA






Name
: Aerva Plant
Biological Name
: Aerva lanata
Other Names
: Bhadrika, Bhadram, Cherula

Uses:

Aerva is considered as one of the best known remedies for bladder and kidney stones. Its diuretic properties help in treating kidney disorders. Decoction of the plant taken internally for few days dissolves kidney stones and clears the urinary path.
Its roots are commonly used for treating headaches. Decoction of the root is given as tonic to pregnant women to stop bleeding during pregnancy. The herb is also used for the treatment of gonorrhea and urine sugar.
BEETTLE KILLER ROOT






Name
: Beettle Killer Root
Biological Name
: Clerodendron serratum
Other Names
: Bharangi, Sirutekku, Cheruthekku

Uses:

The herb stimulates the lungs and cures many chronic respiratory problems. This is one of the most commonly used herbs for treating common cold, chronic sinusitis, allergic rhinitis, and cough. In abscesses, its leaves are used as external paste to reduce the inflammation and pain. Beettle Killer Root is also renowned for its antipyretic and antihistamic properties. Hence it is frequently used for relief from fever, body aches, and hyper-pyrexia.


BELERICA




Name
: Belerica
Biological Name
: Terminalia Belerica
Other Names
: Belerica, Belleric Myrobalan, Thaanikka, Vibhithaki





Uses:

This is a potential rejuvenative herb and also a good laxative agent. Being a good expectorant, the fruits of belerica are commonly used in coughs and sore throat. Its pulp is used in dropsy, piles, and diarrhea. It is also useful in treating leprosy. A combination of three herbs (Belerica, Chebula, embilica) called “Thriphala” in Ayurveda, is useful in diseases like asthma, sore throat, vomiting, eye disease, heart disease, hiccough etc.

BASIL




Name
: Basil
Biological Name
: Ocimum sanctum
Other Names
: Basil, Common Basil, Sweet Basil, St. Josephwort, Tulasi, Holy Basil



uses :

This is an important ayurvedic plant which has innumerable medicinal properties. The leaves have remarkable antispasmodic, carminative, and stomachic properties. It purifies air by discharging high amounts of ozone. Basil is widely used as anti dotes in insect bites, spider, and scorpion bites. Its essential oil also has the property to destroy bacteria and insects. Basil is a good nerve tonic and is used as a mental elevator in depression and metal stress. It is even worshiped as a holy plant in India, for all its benevolences. Regular use of the herb sharpens the memory, purifies the blood, reduces blood cholesterol, removes kidney congestion and renal calculi, and regulates blood pressure. It also lowers blood sugar levels and its powder is used for mouth ulcers.

It is also used in malaria, catarrh, bronchitis, and gastric disorders.

BOSWELLIA




Name
: Boswellia
Biological Name
: Boswellia serrata
Other Names
: Salai guggul, Indian frankincense, Shallaki, Kunthirikkam



Uses:

The latex secretion of the plant is used in various medicinal preparations. Even long term use of this drug does not show any adverse actions on body.It is a good medicine for relieving inflammations, cough, asthma, common fevers, urethrorrhea, diaphoresis, convulsions, chronic backaches, jaundice, and arthritis. Boswellic acid, the main ingredient, has anti inflammatory action much similar to non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs. Hence it easily reduces the pain and swelling in arthritic conditions.The herb also improves blood supply to the joints and restores integrity of vessels weakened by spasm. It also improves the immunity which helps in fighting against recurrent infections.
BACOPA




Name
: Bacopa plant
Biological Name
: Bacopa monneiri
Other Names
: Herpestis monneiria, thyme leaved gratiola, Trayamana, Brahmi

Uses:

The herb is diuretic, nervine, and cardiac tonic. It stimulates the nervous system and improves the memory and intellect. It is used in the treatment of mental disorders, epilepsy, ascites, abscesses, and asthma.Bacopa is a good medicine to calm the restlessness in children. It also acts as an anti anxiety agent and is also used as a mild laxative
BLACK PEPPER




Name
: Black Pepper
Biological Name
: Piper nigrum
Other Names
: Black pepper, Pepper, Kali mirch, Maricha, Kurumulakuhmi



Uses:

Black pepper is anthelmintic, antipyretic, and carminative. These seeds are also a good expectorant and powerful stimulant. It is widely used in ailments like asthma, boils, cholera, colic, cough, diarrhea, fever, gastric disorder, hemorrhoid, indigestion, chronic rheumatism, obesity, phlegm, sinus congestion, skin diseases, sore throat, worms etc.
Pepper has long been recognized as an ingredient for stimulating the appetite as well as an aid in the relief of nausea. In India it had been used as a medicine for variety of ailments from paralysis to toothache.
Over use of pepper may cause digestive inflammations.
BAMBOO




Name
: Bamboo
Biological Name
: Bamboosa arundinacea
Other Names
: Bamboo, Common Bamboo, Vamsalochana, Mula.

Uses:

It is an anti spasmodic agent which relieves the spasmodic contractions of lungs and muscles. Bamboo leaves contain high protein levels and is astringent, cooling, ophthalmic, and constipating. The tender leaves have powerful anti bacterial effects. It is used to regularize menstrual cycle and also clears the abscesses.The bluish white resin found in the internodes of the bamboo stems is diuretic, cooling, expectorant, constipating, cardio tonic, haemostatic, and aphrodisiac.
BAEL






Name
: Bael
Biological Name
: Aegle marmelos
Other Names
: Bael, Bilwa, Koovalam, Vilwam, Bengal Quince

Uses:

All parts of bael have good medicinal properties. It is aromatic, astringent, cooling, and febrifuge and also acts as tonic for heart and brain. Its wood ash is rich in phosphates and minerals. Decoction of its root and bark is used in palpitation of heart. Leaf juice controls diabetes. Ripe fruit is sweet, anti parasitical, antipyretic, cooling, digestive stimulant. Fresh fruit has laxative properties while the unripe fruit constipates. Bael is used in diarrhea, dysentery, and constipation too. It is also an anti poisonous drug.
BUTTERFLY PEA






Name
: Butterfly Pea
Biological Name
: Clitoria ternatea
Other Names
: Clitoria, Shankupushpi, Aparajitha,

Uses:

This is an indigenous plant renowned for its usage in mental stimulation and rejuvenation therapy. The roots are good for improving intellectual and memory power; also induces sleep and reduces mental tension and mental disorder.The herb is anti pyretic too. Its flowers arrest uterine hemorrhage; root is an antidote against poisonous bites, including cobra bite. The ethanolic extract of the plant reduces total serum cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids, and nonesterfied fatty-acid.

BASTARD TEAK






Name
: Bastard Teak,
Biological Name
: Butea monosperma,
Other Names
: Flame of the forest, Palasha, Kimsuka, Plash

Uses:

Its flowers have been used in ancient India for skin and beauty care. Seeds are employed in the treatment of worm infestations. Studies show that administration of seeds in roundworm infestations is an effective approach. Bark and resin have haemostatic properties. The bark is used in gynecological problems like leucorrhea, menorrhagia. It is administered as vasthi in malformation or under developed uterus. Venereal diseases like syphilis, gonorrhea are also treated using the bark of this herb.

CASSIA






Name
: Cassia
Biological Name
: Cassia tora,
Other Names
: Cassia, Chakramarda, Cassia seed, Takara

Uses:

Cassia is useful in treating skin diseases like ring worm, itching, psoriasis, and fungal infections etc. The herb is antipyretic, antibiotic, and antihypertensive. It is also cholesterol reducing drug and a mild laxative too. The leaves are useful in asthma, cough, and diabetes. It is especially good in eye diseases. Head aches and blood pressure are reduced by using this medicinal herb. Its leaves, in paste form, is a good germicide and anti parasitical medicine.

COLEUS




Name
: Coleus
Biological Name
: Coleus forskohlii
Other Names
: Coleus, Karpuravalli, Panikoorka



Uses :

It is effective in asthma, intestinal colic, uterine cramps, and painful micturition. Coleus is also used to treat skin diseases like psoriasis and eczema. It reduces blood pressure, glaucoma and improves heart functions. The drug helps in relaxing the involuntary muscles and blood vessels.

CORIANDER






Name
: Coriander
Biological Name
: Coriandrum sativum
Other Names
: Coriander, Cilantro, Dhania, Malli, Chinese parsley



Uses :

Coriander prevents gas formation in stomach and controls spasmodic pain,externally for headaches. Extract of coriander seeds has a marked antispasmodic activity.
The fruits of coriander are alterative, antispasmodic, appetizer, carminative, diuretic, refrigerant, stimulant, stomachic, and tonic.
The essential oil of coriander has antibacterial and antifungal effects. It is also a good expectorant.
Coriander is also used traditionally for digestive and gastric complaints as well as for coughs, chest pains, bladder complaints, leprosy rash, fever, dysentery, oral and pharyngeal disorders, halitosis, and post- natal complications.
Coriander can be applied externally for rheumatism and painful joints. It improves the flavor of other medicinal preparations.

CARDAMOM






Name
: Cardamom
Biological Name
: Elettaria cardamomum
Other Names
: Bastard cardamom, cardamom seeds, Ela

Uses :

Cardamom is carminative, diaphoretic, digestive stimulant, expectorant, and stomachic. It is widely used in treating nausea, vomiting, dry cough, and external piles. The spice removes fat and cures urinary and skin complaints. It regulates body temperature; cools the body in extreme heat and also aids digestion. Cardamom is used in relieving cardiac pains.It is a good mouth freshener and is used for treating bad oral cavities. They are also used as a flavoring agent in many medicines and as spice in cooking. The seeds and pods contain a volatile oil which is used in perfumes and as a stimulant.


CALOTROPIS






Name
: Calotropis
Biological Name
: Calotropis gigantea
Other Names
: Calotropis, Gigantic swallowort, Arka, Eriku

Uses :

This is a potential herb for treating heart diseases. In small doses, the root-bark is alterative, tonic, anti pyretic, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, purgative, expectorant, and in large doses emetic. The herb increases secretions and has a sedative action on the muscular fibers of the intestines, allaying all pains, and irritations. It is thus very useful for relieving all dysenteric symptoms. Calotropis is useful for leprosy, syphilis, and elephantiasis. It is used in the cure of epilepsy, hysteria, fits, convulsions, and paralysis. The herb is also an antidote against snake bites and cures skin diseases like chronic eczema. Ailments like bile secretion, parasitic infection, painful urination, hemorrhoid, and edema are all treated using calotropis herbs. The flowers also have beneficial effect on asthma. It reduces inflammations, pain, and swelling and is also a purgative.

CRATAEVA






Name
: Crateava
Biological Name
: Crataeva nurvala
Other Names
:Three Leafed Caper, Varuna, Asmareeghnam, Neermathalam

Uses :

Crateava is widely used for treating various urinary problems including the formation of stones in kidneys, ureters, and bladder. Its litholytic (stone breaking) actions make it an ideal herb for curing complex urinary diseases. The herb controls body heat and is also used in various inflammatory diseases.

COSTUS






Name
: Costus
Biological Name
: Saussurea lappa
Other Names
: Costus roots, Kushtha, Kottam, Kut root
Uses :

Costus is very useful in the treatment of bronchial asthma.it is anthelmintic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative, diuretic, expectorant, and tonic. Essential oil from root has anti inflammatory, antiseptic, and disinfectant properties. Alcoholic extract of the drug is very useful in the treatment of bronchial asthma. Cholera, cough, dyspepsia, edema, gas, hiccup, jaundice, leprosy, phlegm, rheumatism, skin diseases, wounds etc are cured by using the herb.


CASTOR






Name
: Castor plant
Biological Name
: Ricinus communis
Other Names
: Castor oil plant, Erandam, Avanakku, Mexico seed

Uses :

Castor oil is a highly potential purgative medicine. The oil is used externally for different inflammatory conditions of skin and rheumatism. Seeds and leaves are used externally as a poultice in gouty arthritis, boils, inflammation of middle ear, migraine, etc. It is demulcent, analgesic, and nervine and also exhibits proven anti-viral effects. Its tender leaves, taken in empty stomach, cures jaundice. The herbs is used in the treatments of abdominal disorders, worms, colic, enlarged liver and spleen, fever, headache, lumbago, sciatica, nervous diseases, pain relief (joints). The drug is commonly used for uterine disorders also.
Caution: Improper use of the herb is poisonous.

DATURA






Name
: Datura
Biological Name
: Datura Stramonium
Other Names
: Datura, Stink Weed, Mad Apple, Thorn Apple, Ummam

Uses :

Datura is used in treatment of Parkinsonism and Hemorrhoids. it is an anti spasmodic drug; it helps in relieving the spasm of lungs and intestines. The herb also reduces asthma and intestinal colic. It’s also an anti dote for dog bites. It is used in treatment of Parkinsonism and Hemorrhoids. Young fruits are sedative and intoxicating. External application of its leaves is useful in relieving pain and inflammation.The drug is widely used in preparing hair oils. It promotes hair growth and prevents dandruff.

DILL SEEDS




Name
: Dill Seeds
Biological Name
: Anethum graveolens
Other Names
: Dill, Sathapushpa, Chathakuppa, Garden dill



Uses :

The herb is carminative, stomachic, anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, galactagogue, and diuretic.
Dill is an excellent remedy for flatulence and the colic that is sometimes associated with it. It also helps stimulate appetite, and a decoction of the seed is good for insomnia. Chewing the seeds will help clear bad breath. It is the herb of choice for colic of children. Nursing mothers can use dill to promote the flow of milk, particularly in combination with anise, coriander, fennel, and caraway. Its leaves with oil are used as a poultice in supperative skin conditions.

DEODAR






Name
: Deodar
Biological Name
: Cedrus deodar
Other Names
: Deodar, Himalayan Cedar, Devadaru, Devadaram

Uses :

Deodar is carminative, anti inflammatory, analgesic, anti rheumatic, powerfully astringent, expectorant, and also possesses mild turpentine properties. The oil extracted is very much useful in relieving pains and rheumatic inflammations. It is also useful in skin diseases. It is used for catarrhal conditions of the respiratory tract. It also cures paralysis, kidney stones, diarrhea, dysentery, skin diseases, ulcers, and fever. The cedar wood oil is used as a pain balm. It is also used sometimes as an inhalation. The high content of Mn, Zn and Co may cause allergy to certain people.

ECLIPTA






Name
: Eclipta
Biological Name
: Eclipta alba
Other Names
: Bhringaraj, Kesaraj, Bangra, Kayyonni, Kanjunni

Uses :

The herb slows down the ageing process through the rejuvenation of bones, teeth, hair, sight, hearing, and memory. It is also the best Ayurvedic herbal medicine for hair. Fresh leaf juice applied on scalp improves hair growth. Bhringaraj oil is famous for making the hair black and luxuriant for removing grayness and reversing balding. It helps calm the mind from excessive activity and promotes sound sleep. It is a good tonic for the mind. Bhringaraj is also good for complexion. Applied externally it helps draw out poisons and reduces inflammation and swollen glands. It is a rejuvenative medicine for the liver and the best medicine for Cirrhosis. It cures night blindness, and is found to be a good remedy for leukoderma

GUGGUL






Name
: Guggul
Biological Name
: Commiphora mukul
Other Names
: Mukul myrrh tree, Gugul Lipid, gulgulu

Uses :

Gum resin of the herb is used for treating rheumatoid arthritis. It is anti helminthic, anti inflammatory, and anti arthritic. It is a main ingredient in many ayurvedic preparations.Guggul has powerful analgesic properties and hence very effective for arthritis, head aches, and sinusitis. It is a potent drug for cardiac disorders and high cholesterol too. Its gum resin is also alterative, analgesic, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative, demulcent, expectorant, nervine, rejuvenative, and stimulant. The drug is also used in ulcers, boils, piles, abscess, and skin diseases.
GINGER






Name
: Ginger
Biological Name
: Zingiber officinale
Other Names
: Calamus, Sweet Ginger, Shundi, Mahoushadi, Inchi

Uses :

Ginger is known for its gastrointestinal benefits and also as an anti inflammatory and carminative. Dry ginger is a common ingredient in most of the ayurvedic preparations. It increases digestion and is used in treating fevers, cough, hiccoughs, and abdominal pains. The lukewarm juice is used in treating ear aches. The herb is also used to reduce vomiting.

GOOSEBERRY






Name
: Gooseberry
Biological Name
: Emblica officinalis
Other Names
: Indian Gooseberry, Alma, Nellika, Amalaki

Uses :

Its fruit is nature’s richest known source of vitamin 'C'. It is tonic, and is a good haematinic drug. It is one of the strongest rejuvenatives. Gooseberry is useful in treating anemia, jaundice, dyspepsia, hemorrhagic disorders, diabetes, asthma, and bronchitis. It cures insomnia and also strengthens the nervous system. It provides cooling, especially for eyes; improves nearsightedness and also strengthens teeth, hair and nails. Regular use of the drug also prevents premature graying of hair and makes them strong and free from dandruff. It enhances production of red blood cells, regulates blood sugar, and prevents lipid per oxidation in cell membranes. The herb also increases immunity in the body and protects against heart and nervous disorders. External application of gooseberry paste on the head is good for treating mental disorders.

GARLIC






Name
: Garlic
Biological Name
: Allium sativum
Other Names
: Lashan, Rasonam, Lashuna, Veluthulli, Ugragandha

Uses :

The medicinal uses of garlic are innumerable. It is a good remedy for cardiovascular ailments; especially problems arising due to cholesterol. Garlic is seen to prevent blood clots and atherosclerosis, and thus reduces the chances of heart attacks. The bulb of garlic is antispasmodic, detoxifier, disinfectant, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, rejuvenative, and stimulant. Raw garlic may lower blood pressure. It also has antibacterial activity to work against certain intestinal parasites. Regular intake of garlic may also prevent intestinal cancers.Garlic, mixed with sesame oil, when applied to the skin and ear, reduce toxic swelling or fungal infections. In case of warts the garlic is used externally as slides under a bandage.According to traditional ayurveda, garlic is useful for increasing sexual energy and combating simple impotenceGarlic with honey is a highly effective treatment for congestion in the respiratory system. Garlic oil is useful for paralytic and rheumatic affections

HENNA






Name
: Henna
Biological Name
: Lawsonia inermis
Other Names
: Henna, Mehndi, Mendica, Egyptian Privet, Mylanchi

Uses:

The leaves of henna are used as a prophylactic against skin diseases. The paste of leaves is largely used in Indian homes in headache, burning sensation in feet, on boils and burns. The leaves have some action against tubercular and other bacterial diseases. It gives black color to the hair and improves hair growth.
HORSE GRAM




Name
: Horse gram
Biological Name
: Dolichos biflorus
Other Names
: Kulatham, Muthira, Kollu, Kulthi



Uses:

:Horse gram is one of the most effective ayurvedic medicines for treating kidney stones.Its diuretic, anthelminthic properties make it an ideal drug for urinary and digestive disorders. It is also used in the treatments of asthma, dysmenorrhea, and tumors. The drug purifies blood and clears the body channels. It is also used in small pox, chicken pox etc., as a specific diet. The diuretic qualities of the herb help patients complaining of edema and dysuria. The powdered seeds are used as a poultice to induce sweating, for relieving pain. The drug is hot in nature, not good for eyes.
INDIAN PENNYWORT






Name
: Indian pennywort
Biological Name
: Centella asiatica
Other Names
: Gotu Kola, Brahmi, Muthil, Kudangal

Uses:

It is a good brain tonic, aids intelligence and increases memory power.

The drug helps the body defend against various toxins. It is used to treat rheumatism, blood diseases, congestive heart failure, urinary tract infections, venereal diseases, hepatitis, and high blood pressure.Since the herb induces sleep, it is widely used to treat mental disorders. It is used as an aid for meditation and is particularly helpful for super-stressed persons. It is a rejuvenative nervine recommended for nervous disorders, including epilepsy, senility, and premature ageing. Gonorrhea, filariasis, diabetes, respiratory disorders, etc. are also treated using the drug. It also stimulates hair growth and strengthens the adrenal glands while cleansing the blood to treat skin impurities. It hastens the healing of wounds. The drug reduces scarring when applied during inflammatory period of the wound and are also found to be good for burns. It improves the flow of blood while strengthening the veins and capillaries. It has been used successfully to treat phlebitis, leg cramps, and abnormal tingling of the extremities.
ISABGOL






Name
:Isabgol
Biological Name
:Plantago ovata husk
Other Names
:Psyllium Seeds, Plantago, Ispaghula, Psyllium Husk

Uses:
Isabgol is diuretic, emollient, and cooling. It is used in inflammatory conditions of mucous membrane of gastro intestinal and genitourinary tracts. The herb is a well known laxative. It restores proper bowel movements and is used in the treatment of chronic constipation, amoebic and bacillary dysentery.
INDIAN KINO TREE





Name
: Indian Kino Tree
Biological Name
: Pterocarpus marsupium
Other Names
:Kino, Malabar Kino Tree, Asana, Venga



Uses:

The heart wood is astringent, bitter acrid, anti inflammatory, anthelmintic, and anodyne. The herb is an excellent medicine for diabetics. It is also good for elephantiasis, leukoderma, diarrhea, dysentery, rectalgia, cough, and grayness of hair. Decoction prepared out of this drug, is said to reduce obesity. Its property of healing fractures and tissue injuries are well known. The drug is highly effective in treating secondary amenorrhea and also various skin disorders.

INDIAN GUM ARABIC




Name
:Indian Gum Arabic Tree
Biological Name
:Acacia arabica wild
Other Names
:Indian Gum Arabic, Babool, Black Babool, Karivelam



Uses:

The bark is primarily used in oral & dental hygiene, burn injuries, and in the management of skin diseases. The bark contains almost 7-12% tannin.In burn injuries, use of its bark powder has been a trusted remedy. It hastens the healing process of burn injuries and minimizes the scar formation. Decoction prepared out of the bark is used for cleansing infected wounds. Internal use of the herb is also recommended in treatment of skin diseases.Asthma, bronchitis, diabetes, and dysentery are also treated using this herb. Its leaves are used in eye complaints, head ache, throat infection, urinary problems, and gonorrhea.

INDIAN MADDER




Name
: Indian Madder
Biological Name
: Rubia cordifolia
Other Names
: Madder, Rubia plant, Manjishta, Manchat

Uses:

Indian Madder is probably the best blood-purifying herb in Ayurveda. It cools and detoxifies the blood, dissolves obstructions in blood flow, and removes stagnant blood. It supports heart health and also regulates blood pressure, blood vessel constriction, and blood clotting. The herb has healing action, thus helping in erosions of gums and bleeding gums. It’s also reputed for its good skincare actions. Used externally and internally, it helps one to gain luster and glow (of the skin) and removes pimples, freckles and discoloration. It is a drug of choice for treating various systemic problems like raised uric acid and gouty arthritis, glandular swellings, recurrent skin infections and other diseases of the skin like pigmentation anomalies and leukoderma. It also treats uterine and urinary infections, diarrhea, dysentery, and chronic fevers.Regular internal use of this drug helps in dissolving kidney stones. Its roots are tonic, antiseptic and astringent. It’s used in rheumatism, skin infections, ulcers, and inflammation.

JAMAN




Name
: Jaman
Biological Name
: Syzygium cumini
Other Names
: Eugenia Jambolana, Black Plum, Jambu, Njaval.



Uses:

Jaman leaves are antibacterial, and are used for strengthening the teeth and gums. The fruit and seeds are sweet, acrid, sour, tonic, and cooling, and are used in diabetes, diarrhea, and ringworm. The bark is astringent, sweet sour, diuretic, digestive and anthelmintic.In burns, the leaf juice and paste prepared in mustard oil, when applied externally regenerates the skin.

JACK FRUIT




Name
: Jack Fruit
Biological Name
: Artocarpus heterophyllus
Other Names
: Panasam, Plapazham, Chakkapazham

Uses:

The fruit is cooling, laxative and aphrodisiac. It is used in fever, ulcers, skin diseases, and constipation.
KONCH






Name
: Konch
Biological Name
: Mucuna pruriens
Other Names
: Cowitch, Common Cowitch, Konch, Naikurana



Uses:

Almost all parts of this herb are medicinal. Its seeds, roots, leaves, and hairs on the pods are used in the preparation of various medicines.Seeds are anthelmintic, astringent, nervine tonic, and aphrodisiac. They are used in Parkinsonism, and also useful in menorrhagia, spermatorrhoea, and leucorrhea. Powdered seed is widely used to improve vitality; it increases sperm count and improves ovulation in females.The root is diuretic and nervine tonic. Decoction of the root improves blood circulation, cures rheumatism, asthma, cough, and stone in the bladder. Root is also used as a remedy in facial paralysis, nervous disorders, fevers, edema, and elephantiasis.Leaf paste is applied to ulcers for faster relief. Infusion of the pods is a good remedy for dropsy. Hairs on the pods are irritant and powerful vermifuge. This herb is being investigated as a possible remedy for AIDS.
LOTUS






Name
: Lotus
Biological Name
: Nelumbium speciousum
Other Names
: Sacred water lotus, Pink lotus, Kamalam, Thaamara



Uses:

Lotus is a highly cooling herb. It reduces the burning sensation of body and burning micturition. It is haemostatic and diuretic in nature, and is used for treating cholera, diarrhea, jaundice, and common fever.The rhizome and flower stalk juice is used in treating bleeding piles, hemorrhagic disorders like haemetemisis, haemoptysis.To remove the scars on the skin after small pox and chicken pox, generally lotus is applied externally along with sandalwood and gooseberry. Lotus is used to improve complexion too.The herb is used as an anti dote against snake bite.The ripe seeds produce a wholesome effect in cases of neurasthenia and spermatorrhoea. The leaves and seed cores in decoction are effective for insomnia, hemorrhage, and haemetemisis.

LIQUORICE






Name
: Liquorice
Biological Name
: Glycyzrrhiza glabra
Other Names
: Yashtimadhu, sweet wood, Adhimadhuram, Erattimadhuram



Uses:

Liquorice is anti-inflammatory, anti-hepatotoxic, anti-spasmodic, emetic, expectorant, rejuvenative, sedative, and tonic. This drug has shown remarkable immuno stimulating properties which give a resistance against recurring infections in the body. It’s a powerful anti oxidant also. The active principle called glycyrrhizin modulates the immune system.The herb is used in cough, catarrhal infections, sore throat, anorexia, and persistent low fever. Modern research has shown it to have effects upon, amongst other organs, the endocrine system, and liver. As an anti-hepatotoxic medicine, liquorice is effective in the treatment of chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis.Liquorice is used in allopathic medicine as a treatment for peptic ulceration. It can be used in the relief of abdominal colic too. It is also used in gastric, duodenal, and esophageal ulcers.It nourishes the brain-increasing cranial and cerebrospinal fluid. It also improves complexion, hair, and vision. Chewing liquorice improves the quality of voice.

LEMON






Name
: Lemon
Biological Name
: Citrus limon
Other Names
: Nimbu, Jambeeram, Cherunaarakam

Uses:

Lemon is a rich source of Vitamin C; it improves health and beauty. The citric acid contained in lemon has good disinfectant properties. It also improves body immunity. Its bactericidal and astringent properties are well known. Lemon is used in the treatment of scurvy, indigestion, diarrhea, dysentery. It is also a mouth freshener and a hair wash. Lemon prevents itching on the skin and protects the skin from the oxidative damages. It is stomachic, carminative, and stimulant.

LONG PEPPER




Name
:Long Pepper
Biological Name
:Piper longum
Other Names
: Dried Catkins, Pippali, Pipal, Thippli, Pihal



Uses:

Long pepper has a wide range of uses in Ayurveda. It is analgesic, anthelmintic, aphrodisiac, carminative, and expectorant. It is used in the treatment of respiratory disorders and also as an important constituent in digestive formulations.The seeds are used against cough and throat pain. Its roots are good for paralysis, epilepsy, and stiff joints. Both seeds and root are used for cough, rheumatism, leprosy, and consumption. The herb is also believed to improve vitality. The drug is found to increase digestive power. It also increases the RBC and hemoglobin count. It’s a main ingredient in post natal preparations.

MORINGA




Name
:Moringa
Biological Name
:Moringa oleifera
Other Names
: Horse Radish Tree, Drumstick Tree, Shigru, Muringa



Uses:

Moringa is an anti inflammatory drug; it reduces the swelling and inflammation in arthritis. It is also effective in curing paralysis, inflammations, head ache, facial palsy, neuralgia, and intermittent fevers.The leaves of the plant reduce hypertension. They are effectively used in hernia, bladder stones, dysmenorrhea, and worm infestations.The herb also helps maintain normal physiology of uterus. The seeds are good against premature ejaculation.

MYROBALAN





Name
:Myrobalan
Biological Name
:Terminalia chebula
Other Names
: Belerica, Belliric Myrobalan,Indian Gall Nut, Haritaki, Kadukka

Uses:

Myrobalan is anthelmintic, antiseptic, astringent, expectorant, laxative, rejuvenative, and tonic. Its fruit is one among the three herbs used in “Thriphala”, a unique Ayurvedic medicine. The drug is useful in asthma, sore throat, vomiting, eye diseases, heart diseases, hiccup, etc.It is a tonic to the brain and stomach. It liquefies and discards excess fat, and reduces headache, piles, and chronic diarrhea. The herb is useful in bronchitis and inflammations. It also treats the diseases of eyes, hair, nose, heart, and bladder.

MADAGASCAR






Name
:Madagascar
Biological Name
:Vinca rosea
Other Names
:BPeriwinkle, Madagascar Periwinkle, Ushamalari

Uses:

The extracts of madagascar are widely used for cancer and hypertension treatments. The alkaloids contained in leaves helps in curing blood cancer.The herb helps in relieving muscle pain and depression of central nervous system. It also reduces the sugar level in blood. The alkaloids are excellent sedatives. The leaf paste is applied externally in scorpion bites(skin disorders).

MALABAR NUT




Name
:Malabar Nut
Biological Name
:Adathodavasica
Other Names
: Adathoda, Vasa, Vasaka, Adusa, Adalodakam



Uses:

Malabar nut is antispasmodic, diuretic, and expectorant. Its leaves are rich in Vitamin C.It has the property to dilate finer bronchioles and ensures a smooth expectoration. Hence, liquid extract of the plant is used in many pharmaceutical formulations as an expectorant. The herb also acts as an antihistamine agent.The active principle called vasicine increases the platelet count in the blood which stops capillary bleeding ensuring minimum blood loss. Because of its uterine stimulant activity, the herb acts as a good uterine tonic, useful in controlling post partum hemorrhage.

MUSTARD






Name
:Mustard
Biological Name
:Brassica alba
Other Names
: Black Mustard, White Mustard, Yellow Mustard, Kaduku

Uses:

Mustard is stimulant, irritant, diuretic, emetic, pungent, laxative, and digestive.This well known spice has its use in medicine as a stimulating external application. The mild irritation caused on the skin, stimulates the circulation in that area, and relieves muscular and skeletal pain.For rheumatoid arthritis, external application of mustard and sesame seeds is found to give faster relief.In cases of fever, cold, and influenza, mustard may be taken as a tea or ground and sprinkled into a bath.The infusion or poultice of mustard will aid in cases of bronchitis.

NUT GRASS TUBER




Name
:Nut Grass Tuber
Biological Name
:Cyperus rotundus
Other Names
:Cyperus, Nagar Motha, Moth, Mustha, Muthanga

Uses:

The herb is found to be useful in diarrhea with mucus. It is commonly given in fever. It acts as a good antiperspirant and deodorant. It’s a good source of minerals like Cu, Mg, Mn, and Ni.Its tubers contain essential oil. They are astringent, antipyretic, analgesic, anti inflammatory, and diuretic.The drug purifies breast milk and increases lactation. It’s a constipating drug, used in the treatment of diarrhea and dysentery. It also increases digestive fire and is used in anorexia, dyspepsia, and indigestion.

NUTMEG






Name
:Nutmeg
Biological Name
:Myristica fragrans
Other Names
:Mace, Black caraway, Jati, Jatikka, Flower seed

Uses:

Nutmeg is aromatic, carminative, hallucinogenic, stimulant, and expectorant. In small quantities, it acts on the stomach to improve appetite and digestion. It helps prevent gas and fermentation in the intestinal tract. It’s a constipating drug, used in diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and abdominal distension. It is good for nausea and vomiting.It is also used in the treatment of inflammation of bladder, urinary tract infections, and rheumatism.Seeds of nutmeg, boiled in milk and taken internally induce good sleep in insomnia and tension. The herb is used in bleeding gums, as tooth powder.

NEEM




Name
:Neem
Biological Name
:Azadirachta indica
Other Names
:Lilac, Margosa Tree, Nimba, Aryaveppu



Uses:

Neem possesses anti diabetic, anti bacterial and anti viral properties and is used successfully in cases of stomach disorders, worms, and ulcers. It is the famous drug used in preventing and treating small pox, chicken pox, and measles. It also has antiseptic and astringent properties.The drug purifies blood and is used in treating many skin disorders and poisonous bites. Decoction of its leaves and bark are used in washing infected wounds. Leaf paste applied externally relieves burn.This herb is used in inflammatory and febrile diseases too.Its rich medicinal properties make neem a potential herb for a variety of Ayurvedic Medicines, singly, and in combination.

ONION




Name
:Onion
Biological Name
:Allium cepa
Other Names
:Onion, Pyaj, Savala, Palandu, Ulli..



Uses:

Onion is diuretic, anti poisonous, expectorant, and anti analgesic.It is used in the treatment of bleeding piles, epilepsy, cholesterol, fever, cold, and cough.Onion is good for strengthening the heart muscles. It also cures certain skin diseases and is found to regularize menstrual cycles.It helps improve digestion and is a good appetizer too. In experimental studies it was observed that use of onions reduces blood sugar levels in experimental diabetes.It is also seen that onions inhibit platelet aggregation and control higher lipid content in the blood (Hyperlipidemia)

PUDINA






Name
:Pudina
Biological Name
:Mentha arvensis
Other Names
:Field Mint, Corn Mint, Japanese Mint, Podina

Uses:The entire plant is Antibacterial. It yields an essential oil called menthol which has slight anesthetic and anodyne effect. Menthol is commonly used in many modern balms.Pudina is effective in headache, rhinitis, cough, sore throat, colic, and vomiting. It is also used as a flavoring agent in culinary preparations.

PAPAYA




Name
:Papaya
Biological Name
:Carica papaya
Other Names
:Eranda karkadi, Paw paw, Paveetha, Papaya



Uses:

Papaya is widely used in treating digestive problems; its seeds are best against intestinal worms. Ripe fruit increases digestion.The raw fruit along with the latex is useful in the treatment of menstrual disorders and causes abortion.It is good for spleen and liver disorders, and also rectifies diarrhea. It is useful in warts, corns, eczema, and hardness of the skin.The ripe fruit is used in cosmetics. It helps in removing freckles and soothes the skin.

PHYLLANTHUS






Name
:Phyllanthus
Biological Name
:Phyllanthus niruri
Other Names
:Niruri, Kizharnelli, Bhumyamalaki, bahupatra

Uses:

Phyllanthus is one of the most effective drugs used in the treatment of jaundice. Its main content phyllanthin accelerates the action of liver cells. The herb is anti poisonous, diuretic, astringent, stomachic, and cooling.It is useful in the treatment of menorrhagia, gonorrhea, and skin diseases. Other conditions where the drug can be used are hepatitis, diabetes, chronic dysentery, ophthalmic conditions, and indigestion. The young shoots of the plant are administered in the form of an infusion for the treatment of chronic dysentery.

RAUWOLFIA






Name
:Rauwolfia
Biological Name
:Rauwolfia serpentine
Other Names
:Rauwolfia, Serpent wood, Sarpagandha, Reserpine

Uses:

Rauwolfia is anthelmintic and an anti-adrenergic drug. Its active principle, reserpine, was the first drug found to interfere with the human sympathetic nervous system. The roots are brewed as a tea and used in humans to treat hypertension, insanity, snakebite, and cholera. Similarly by reducing sympathetic activity to blood vessels, reserpine relaxes capacitance vessels and reduces total peripheral resistance.The herb is also used as a sedative and hypnotic; this alkaloid stimulates the central nervous system also. Reserpine is suitable for cases of mild anxiety or patients of chronic mental illness.

SANDALWOOD




Name
:Sandalwood
Biological Name
:Santalum album
Other Names
:Chandana, White sandalwood, Chandanam



Uses:

Sandalwood is used for acute dermatitis, bronchitis, cystitis, eye diseases, gonorrhea, herpes zoster, infection, palpitations, sunstroke, urethritis, and vaginitis.The antiseptic and disinfectant properties of sandalwood reside in its oil. The oil can also be used for bronchitis and for inflammation in mucous tissue. A decoction of the wood may be helpful for indigestion and fever and externally for skin problems, especially those of bacterial origin. It is also a powerful anti hemorrhagic used in the treatment of bleeding piles and bleeding dysentery.Sandalwood cools and calms the entire body and mind. It affects the circulatory, digestive, respiratory and nervous systems. It relieves fever, thirst, burning sensation and stops sweating. It is good for fever or overexposure to the sun.Sandalwood is good for most of inflammatory conditions and for cleansing the blood. Sandalwood helps the awakening of intelligence. It also aids in the transmutation of sexual energy.
SWEET FLAG




Name
:Sweet flag
Biological Name
:Acorus calamus
Other Names
:Calamus, Vacha, Bach, Vayambu.



Uses:

Sweet flag is aromatic, bitter, and stomachic, which stimulates appetite, and digestion. It has spasmolytic, carminative, analgesic, and sedative effects. It is also a brain tonic and is widely used in epilepsy, mental ailments, chronic diarrhea, liver and kidney complaints, and dysentery. It is a main component in all emetic preparations. The herb is also used in treating asthma, fevers, paralysis, and anorexia. It improves the quality of voice and is widely used by singers. The drug also improves memory retention and recall.
SENNA




Name
:Senna
Biological Name
:Cassia angustifolia
Other Names
:Locust plant, Rajavriksha, Wild senna, Chunnamukki



Uses:

Senna is highly useful in habitual constipation. It loosens bowels, increases peristaltic movements of the colon by its local action upon the intestinal wall.It is also used as expectorant, wound dresser, carminative, and laxative. The herb is also useful for treating hypertension and obesity.Caution: Senna is a strong purgative that should be taken with care and in proper dosage.
STAFF TREE




Name
:Staff Tree
Biological Name
:Celastrus paniculatus
Other Names
:Jyotishmati, Malkagini, Cherupunna



Uses:

More often different parts of staff tree are used to overcome pain and local inflammations. However, Ayurveda recognizes its seeds as an effective nervine tonic. Its use is recommended in chronic debilitating diseases of nervous system. Also, staff tree finds its application to promote memory and learning abilities.Seeds have nervine, emetic properties. Its oil shows CNS depressant effect. The herb is used in sharpening the memory. It cures ulcers, rheumatism, and gout too.
SARSAPARILLA




Name
:Sarsaparilla
Biological Name
:Hemidesmus indicus
Other Names
:Indian Sarasaparilla, Anantamool, Sariba, Naruneendi



Uses:

Sarsaparilla is tonic, diuretic, demulcent, diaphoretic, anti poisonous, and blood purifier. The herb is employed in nutritional disorders, syphilis, chronic rheumatism, gravel and other urinary diseases and skin affections. It also improves vitality and vigor.Scorpion bites and rat bites are effectively treated using the drug.
SMALL CALOTROPIS




Name
:Small calotropis
Biological Name
:Tribulus terrestris
Other Names
:Goats head, Puncture Vine, Gokshura, Nerinjil



Uses:

Small calotropis is analgesic, aphrodisiac, diuretic, litho tropic, nervine, rejuvenative, tonic. The plant and its seeds have spasmolytic and cardio tonic activities. It is good for treating many diseases of the heart.The herb is also used in the treatment of urinary disorders, kidney diseases, gravel, diseases of the genito-urinary system, calculus affections, gout etc. It is also useful for uterine disorders. It strengthens the postpartum woman. Ayurveda practitioners consider this herb to be very valuable in improving vitality. It improves the quantity of semen It is being studied as a potential herbal remedy against AIDS.
SIDA PLANT




Name
:Sida Plant
Biological Name
:Sida cordifolia
Other Names
:Country Mallow, Bala, Mahasamanga, Kurunthotti. l



Uses:

Sida plant is analgesic, aphrodisiac, demulcent, diuretic, nervine, rejuvenative, stimulant, and tonic. The seeds are considered to be aphrodisiac. An alkaloid, similar to ephedrine, found in this herb acts as a powerful cardiac stimulant. Roots of these species are: aromatic, astringent, bitter, cooling, demulcent, diuretic, febrifuge, stomachic, and tonic. It is also administered in fever accompanied by rigor. The powdered root bark is administered with milk and sugar as treatment for urinary urgency and leucorrhoea. The seeds are used to treat urinary infections.
SPREADING HOGWEED




Name
:Spreading Hogweed
Biological Name
:Boerhavia diffusa
Other Names
:Red Hogweed, Punarnava,Thazhuthama



Uses:

Spreading Hogweed is diuretic, haematinic, anti-spasmodic, expectorant, anti convulsant, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory. It is also a laxative drug.The herb is mainly used to treat accumulation of fluids in the body. It is considered to be an effective rejuvenative medicine. It is also used in the treatment of anemia and liver diseases.The drug also helps maintain efficient kidney and urinary functions. It is also a good anti poisonous medicine.Rheumatic complaints and certain heart disorders are commonly treated using this herb
SESAME




Name
:Sesame
Biological Name
:Sida cordifolia
Other Names
:Country Mallow, Bala, Mahasamanga, Kurunthotti.



Uses:

Sesame seeds are aphrodisiac, diuretic, demulcent, emollient, laxative, rejuvenative, and tonic. The herb is used in the treatment of diseases like amenorrhea, bums, cholera, constipation, cough dysentery, dysmenorrhea, gonorrhea, hemorrhoids, scalds, ulcers, and wounds. Sesame oil is best for external application on body. The herb is good for the skin. It is widely used in the preparation of hair oils, which improve hair growth.Sesame is also good to treat gynecological problems.
TURMERIC




Name
:Turmeric
Biological Name
:Curcuma longa
Other Names
:Curcuma, Haldi, Haridra, Gauri, Manjal



Uses:

Turmeric is a powerful vitalizing agent of the entire gastro-intestinal tract; it strengthens and enriches the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines.The herb is one of the best blood purifiers and as an antiseptic, internally and externally; is good for wounds due to antibacterial effects.Its active constituent, curcumin has been shown to have a wide range of therapeutic effects. It is a strong antioxidant; it reduces inflammation; it protects the liver from a number of toxic compounds; reduces platelets from clumping together, which in turn, improves circulation and helps protect against atherosclerosis. Numerous studies have also shown cancer-preventing effects of curcumin, due to its powerful antioxidant activity in the body. The drug is also used for the treatment of anorexia, liver disorders, skin disorders, cough, diabetic wounds, rheumatism, and sinusitis. It is currently being evaluated for its anticarcinogenic and antimutagenic properties. It reduces cholesterol, prevents internal blood clot that trigger heart attack and strokes. It is an anti poisonous drug also. This drug improves complexion . Turmeric helps stimulate the flow of bile, which helps digest fats.It is seen to fight protozoans in laboratory tests, supporting its traditional use in treating dysentery.
TINOSPORA




Name
:Tinospora
Biological Name
:Tinosporia cordifolia
Other Names
:Guduchi, Amrita, Giloy, Amrithu, Gulansha, Chittamruth



Uses:Tinospora is antispasmodic, anti pyretic, anti inflammatory and tonic.The herb is widely used in seminal weakness and urinary affections. Fever, gout, jaundice, torpidity of the liver, skin diseases, secondary syphilis, rheumatism, constipation, tuberculosis, and leprosy are treated using the herb.It is also a good blood purifier and may be useful in AIDS and other immune diseases also. It is also being proposed for cancer patients before and after chemotherapy.The drug regulates body heat, purifies blood, increases digestion and is also used in kidney disorders.
TAMARIND




Name
:Tamarind
Biological Name
:Tamarindus indicus
Other Names
:Imli, Indian date, Amlika, Valanpuli



Uses:

Tamarind is a good throat soothing medicine. It cleanses the throat and clears the voice.It helps in increasing taste, indigestion, and thirst. It is fat and cholesterol free and is low in calories and sodium.Bathing in water, boiled with tamarind leaves, relieves body pain and fatigue. The herb also heals wounds, and its flowers are good for piles too.
VETIVER




Name
:Vetiver
Biological Name
:Vetiveria zizaniodes
Other Names
:Vetiver, Usira, Ramacham, Khas-Khas



Vetiver is stimulant, anti bacterial, astringent, antiseptic, sedative, and diaphoretic.

When applied externally, it removes heat from body and gives a cooling effect. The herb is a powerful mind relaxing drug and is commonly useful for insomnia, nervousness, depression, tension, stress, and tight muscles.
Vetiver also relieves aches and pains in the muscles and decreases stiffness. It is good for arthritis, rheumatism, and sprains. The drug’s antiseptic properties balance the production of sebum and help to moisturize the skin. .
VITEX




Name
:Vitex
Biological Name
:Vitex negundo
Other Names
:Nirgundi, Chaste berry, Five Leafed Chaste Tree, Karinochi.

Vitex plant is acrid, bitter, heating, astringent, stomachic, cephalic, and anthelmintic. It is also anti inflammatory, anti bacterial, anti fungal, and analgesic. This herb is useful in the treatment of leukoderma, inflammations, malaria, eye diseases, spleen enlargement, bronchitis, asthma, biliousness, painful teething of children etc. It is also good for the treatment of epilepsy and lymph node enlargement..The drug has been used for centuries to reduce inflammation and swelling of joints due to rheumatism and injuries. The leaves are applied to rheumatic swelling of joints and in sprains. It is also good for relieving menopausal symptoms.


WATER LILY




Name
:Water lily
Biological Name
:Nymphea lotus
Other Names
:White lotus, White water lily, Aambal, Kumudam



Water lily is a cardio tonic and aphrodisiac. Its root tubers are cooling, sweet and bitter.

The herb is useful in diarrhea, dysentery, and general debility. It is commonly used for gastro intestinal disorders and jaundice too.
WHITE LEADWORT

Vaidya


Name
: White Leadwort
Biological Name
: Plumbago zeylanica
Other Names
: Chitrak, Chitra, Koduveli



Leadwort is good for treating stubborn chronic rheumatoid arthritis, skin diseases, and tumorous growths. It also finds its use in correcting chronic menstrual disorders, viral warts, and chronic diseases of nervous system.It is also been identified as an anti cancer drug. The root of this herb is a powerful acro-narcotic poison. It causes abortion; it will expel fetus, dead or alive. Its root is said to increase the digestive power and promote appetite. In small doses, it stimulates the central nervous system. Larger doses may lead to death. The herb is a powerful irritant and has well marked antiseptic properties. A paste made of white leadwort, milk, vinegar, and water may be applied in leprosy and other obstinate skin diseases, unhealthy ulcers, scabies etc. Doctors also recommend the root of this herb for dyspepsia, piles, and diarrhea.
WINTER CHERRYVaidya

Name
: Winter cherry
Biological Name
: Withania somnifera
Other Names
: Chitrak, Chitra, Koduveli



Winter cherry is tonic, abortifacient, astringent, deobstruent, nervine, aphrodisiac and sedative. Its roots are diuretic and deobstruent.The herb gives vitality and vigor and helps in building greater endurance. This herb builds marrow and semen, and inhibits ageing. Powder of the root mixed with ghee and honey in equal parts is prescribed for impotence or seminal debility. It infuses fresh energy and vigor in a system worn out owing to any constitutional disease like syphilis, rheumatic fever etc. Root is commonly used in emaciation of children, senile debility, all cases of general debility, nervous exhaustion, brain-fag, loss of memory, loss of muscular energy and spermatorrhoea. It is also been used in diseases such as rheumatism, leprosy, and arthritis.It is one of the best herbs for the mind (clarity, nurturing). Root and bitter leaves are used as a hypnotic in alcoholism.


Courtesy:ayurveda-portal

2 comments:

Dr.Stuart said...

Pimples apart from making a face look bad and ugly also proves to be devastating to a person’s self confidence and self esteem. This stands especially true in case of the girls. Pimples and acnes are things that troubles majority of the people and at times prove to be disastrous to the girls. There are instances of young ladies falling prey to mental ailments owing to skin problems, especially in the face.
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Anonymous said...

Thank you for compiling this information.

I'm not sure about your accuracy of using 'Brahmi' under Indian pennywort.

Brahmi is another plant, I may be wrong.